Bordeaux is a leading destination for wine lovers thanks to its many chateaux and the renowned 1855 Classification making it the benchmark for fine winemaking around the world. There are 57 appellations across Bordeaux, making it the biggest producer of appellation wines in France. The wineries are often carved along with the region's rivers, with the left bank on the Atlantic Ocean side of the rivers Gironde and Garonnne, and the right bank to the right and north of the Dordogne river. Generally, the left bank is known for its Cabernet Sauvignon-dominated wine, and the right bank for its Merlot. Other main grape varieties in Boredeaux include Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec, Carmenere, Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc.
The area in between the rivers is known as Entre Deux Mers, home to many of not just France, but the world’s best known wine estates. These comprise only a small proportion of the area’s 120,000ha of vines, which likely trace their ancestral roots back around 2,000 years to when the Romans ruled the area.